What is the medical term for decrease? (2023)

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What is an example of endemic?

Endemic: A characteristic of a particular population, environment, or region. Examples of endemic diseases include chicken pox that occurs at a predictable rate among young school children in the United States and malaria in some areas of Africa.

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(Medical terminology)
What is endemic in microbiology?

What does Endemic mean? A disease outbreak is endemic when it is consistently present but limited to a particular region. This makes the disease spread and rates predictable. Malaria, for example, is considered endemic in certain countries and regions.

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What is an endemic disease quizlet?

What is an endemic? An endemic is a relatively low but constant occurrence of a disease or health condition in a population. An example would be malaria being a constant threat to tropical countries.

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(Medical terminology)
What is difference between pandemic and endemic?

Pandemics are known to cause widespread disruption, illness and hardship as we have experienced since 2020. An endemic means a disease is spreading in a community at the normal or expected level. A pandemic begins to shift to an endemic once the disease becomes more stable and manageable.

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What does zoonotic mean?

However, animals can sometimes carry harmful germs that can spread to people and cause illness – these are known as zoonotic diseases or zoonoses. Zoonotic diseases are caused by harmful germs like viruses, bacterial, parasites, and fungi.

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What is the synonym of endemic?

Some common synonyms of endemic are aboriginal, indigenous, and native. While all these words mean "belonging to a locality," endemic implies being peculiar to a region.

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What is Holoendemic disease?

A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic ...

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Is COVID a pandemic or endemic?

The number of people affected was exponentially growing and the World Health Organization (WHO) upgraded COVID-19 to a pandemic in March 2020.

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What is Mesoendemic in epidemiology?

Mesoendemic. An endemic disease with a moderate rate of infection. This term is often used to describe the prevalence of malaria in a local area, with 10 to 50% of children showing evidence of prior infection being considered a moderate level for that disease.

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(Medical Dictionary)
Which of the following means endemic?

So, the correct answer is 'Indigenous'.

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What are the three types of epidemics?

Sporadic refers to a disease that occurs infrequently and irregularly. Endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. Hyperendemic refers to persistent, high levels of disease occurrence.

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What is epidemic example?

For example, in 2014, the Ebola virus caused an epidemic that killed thousands of people, mainly in western Africa. It was a propagated epidemic as the virus spread through human contact with contaminated body fluids.

What is the medical term for decrease? (2023)
Is COVID becoming endemic?

Researchers used rats to gather data on COVID-19 reinfection rates and then modeled the virus' potential trajectory. They found that as vaccination and infection combine to facilitate widespread immunity, the virus could become endemic in the U.S. about four years after the pandemic began in March 2020.

Is COVID reaching endemic?

If we get to the point where the virus continues to spread and infect us, but it rarely causes severe disease because most of us have some immunity against it, we would say that SARS-CoV-2 has become endemic.

What does endemic mean with COVID?

Endemic means that instead of COVID-19 going away forever, it will remain in the community. But when it becomes endemic it means that there are so many people that developed immunity from previous vaccination and/or infection that transmission will be much less frequent.

What is the difference between epizootic and enzootic?

An epizootic is defined as an outbreak of disease in which there is an unusually large number of cases, whereas an enzootic refers to a low level of disease that is constantly present in a population (Steinhaus, 1967; Onstad et al., 2006).

What does spillover mean in disease?

Viruses can occasionally, but quite rarely, move from one species to another. This is called a spillover event but can also be known as a spillover infection or a pathogen spillover.

What is the disease leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases. Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all.

What is a another word for ubiquitous?

pervasive. universal. all over. ubiquitary. wall-to-wall.

What is endemic in a sentence?

It now has endemic unemployment. There is still no need to panic, but if you are in an endemic area you should keep your cats indoors. He added: 'It is time to get tough on this endemic crime. He said: 'It is a sort of corruption that has become endemic in the system.

What is the synonym of epidemic?

adjectivecontagious (disease) communicable. dangerous. endemic.

What are the examples of hyperendemic?

Examples. In the discussion of the dengue fever, a hyperendemic state is characterized by the continuous circulation of multiple viral serotypes in an area where a large pool of susceptible hosts and a competent vector (with or without seasonal variation) are constantly present.

What does morbidity mean medically?

(mor-BIH-dih-tee) Refers to having a disease or a symptom of disease, or to the amount of disease within a population. Morbidity also refers to medical problems caused by a treatment.

What are the types of endemic disease?

There are two types of endemic diseases:
  • Holoendemic Diseases- This kind of endemic disease affects most individuals in a population. ...
  • Hyperendemic Diseases- These types of endemic diseases are constantly present at a high rate and are found among all age groups equally.
Dec 26, 2020

Is it the end of the pandemic?

Public health officials agree that the end of the pandemic is in sight but not here yet.

How long does COVID last?

Most people with COVID-19 get better within a few days to a few weeks after infection, so at least four weeks after infection is the start of when post-COVID conditions could first be identified. Anyone who was infected can experience post-COVID conditions.

How do you know if I had COVID before?

Antibody or serology tests look for antibodies in your blood that fight the virus that causes COVID-19. Antibodies are proteins created by your immune system after you have been infected or have been vaccinated against an infection.

What is the meaning of Merozoite?

Medical Definition

merozoite. noun. mer·​o·​zo·​ite ˌmer-ə-ˈzō-ˌīt. : a small amoeboid sporozoan trophozoite (as of a malaria parasite) produced by schizogony that is capable of initiating a new sexual or asexual cycle of development.

What is hyperendemic in public health?

A disease that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence and affects most or all age groups equally.... ...

Which of the following best defines an endemic disease?

An endemic disease is a disease that is always present in a particular population or region.

How many endemic are there?

While birds are less likely to be endemic to a region based on their ability to disperse via flight, there are over 2,500 species which are considered endemic, meaning that the species is restricted to an area less than 5 million hectares.

What is the difference between endemic and native?

Native species that are found here and nowhere else are called endemic. Because of our long isolation, we have a large number of endemic species. Non-native species are usually called introduced or exotic species, and they have arrived here with human assistance.

What is the difference between endemic and indigenous?

For instance, an indigenous species might be found throughout the Rocky Mountain range as well as the surrounding areas west of the Rockies. An endemic species, however, is a native species found only in a particular area, large or small.

What are patterns of a disease?

Pattern refers to the occurrence of health-related events by time, place, and person. Time patterns may be annual, seasonal, weekly, daily, hourly, weekday versus weekend, or any other breakdown of time that may influence disease or injury occurrence.

What are the levels of disease and the different epidemic patterns?

The Seven Epidemic Patterns

Epidemics tend to be classified according to how they spread through a population. They usually fall under one of seven patterns: common-source, point-source, continuous, intermittent, propagated, and mixed.

What is an emerging disease?

Emerging infectious diseases can be defined as infectious diseases that have newly appeared in a population or have existed but are rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range, or that are caused by one of the NIAID Category A, B, or C priority pathogens.

What type of word is epidemic?

EPIDEMIC (noun) definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary.

What's the meaning of epidemiology?

By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases) in specified populations (neighborhood, school, city, state, country, global).

What is the difference between an epidemic and?

Let's start with basic definitions: AN EPIDEMIC is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. A PANDEMIC is an epidemic that's spread over multiple countries or continents.

Can you get COVID multiple times?

COVID-19 variants.

Having had the Delta variant may not have protected you from Omicron. “Some people have a false sense of security after getting COVID-19, thinking they can't get reinfected,” Dr. Varga says. “In truth, anyone may test positive for COVID-19 any number of times.”

Will COVID go away without treatment?

Most people who become sick with COVID-19 will only have mild illness and can get better at home. Symptoms might last a few days. People who have the virus might feel better in about a week.

Will COVID become milder?

Is covid-19 really getting milder? The short answer is no. Covid-19 is still a deadly disease, having killed almost 1.1 million people in 2022 at the time of writing.

When does COVID get worse?

A person may have mild symptoms for about one week, then worsen rapidly. Let your doctor know if your symptoms quickly worsen over a short period of time.

What are the new Covid symptoms April 2022?

Possible symptoms include:
  • Fever or chills.
  • Cough.
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
  • Fatigue.
  • Muscle or body aches.
  • Headache.
  • New loss of taste or smell.
  • Sore throat.

How long does it take to get over COVID?

On average, COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms should begin to see improvement after two weeks. Those with more severe symptoms may feel unwell for up to six weeks. Of course, the recovery period can differ from person to person.

What are the 4 endemic coronaviruses?

The four endemic human coronaviruses HCoV-229E, -NL63, -OC43, and -HKU1 contribute a considerable share of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in adults and children.

Is Omicron more airborne?

Omicron variant is transmitted through airborne route and can be effectively controlled by increased indoor dilution of air. Contaminated air associated with omicron variant with high transmission rate poses a challenge to control its spread.

What are 3 examples of endemic species?

A list of the endemic species of India is mentioned below:
  • Asiatic Lion, Gir Forest. ...
  • Kashmir Stag, Kashmir Valley. ...
  • Lion-Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats. ...
  • Purple Frog, Western Ghats. ...
  • Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake. ...
  • Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Hills.
Dec 1, 2020

Can COVID-19 be considered endemic?

There are important steps communities can promote to better control the spread of COVID-19. The ability to reduce and control the spread of COVID-19 would mean the disease becomes endemic.

Is COVID-19 an endemic or pandemic?

The number of people affected was exponentially growing and the World Health Organization (WHO) upgraded COVID-19 to a pandemic in March 2020.

What is the difference between a pandemic and an epidemic?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a pandemic refers to “an epidemic that has spread over several countries or continents, usually affecting a large number of people.”

What animal is only found in USA?

Indigenous mammals include the American bison, eastern cottontail, black-tailed jackrabbit, plains coyote, black-tailed prairie dog, muskrat, opossum, raccoon, prairie chicken, wild turkey, white-tailed deer, swift foxes, pronghorn antelope, the Franklin's ground squirrel and several other species of ground squirrels.

What is species class 8?

Species is defined as a group of organisms that consist of similar individuals capable of interbreeding or exchanging genes among themselves.

How long does long COVID last?

Many people feel better in a few days or weeks and most will make a full recovery within 12 weeks. But for some people, symptoms can last longer.

Is the flu a pandemic or epidemic?

There is an ongoing pandemic with a new coronavirus. CDC influenza programs protect [1.1 MB, 2 pages, 508] the United States from seasonal influenza and an influenza pandemic, which occurs when a new flu virus emerges that can infect people and spread globally.

Is COVID airborne?

Spread of COVID-19 occurs via airborne particles and droplets. People who are infected with COVID can release particles and droplets of respiratory fluids that contain the SARS CoV-2 virus into the air when they exhale (e.g., quiet breathing, speaking, singing, exercise, coughing, sneezing).

Does yellow fever still exist?

Yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa. Yellow fever virus is a very rare cause of illness in U.S. travelers to these areas.

When was COVID declared a pandemic?

The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020, has declared the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic (1).

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